The likely ancestor of domesticated cattle across southeast Asia, these charismatic beasts were once widespread across Borneo but are now confined to a few reserves around Sabah. They roam around open, dry forests where they have a lot of space and grass to feed on.
Unfortunately, Banteng are still hunted for their horns and meat, and their habitat is being rapidly destroyed throughdeforestation. As a result, they often encounter human settlements, which increases their exposure to parasites from domestic cattle and other livestock.
Population in Sabah: according to DGFC >500 individuals, severely fragmented population in Sarawak: likely extinct ; in Kalimantan: likely to go extinct.;
Global population according to IUCN Redlist for all three subspecies: 4,000-8,000 mature individuals (decreasing)
A state-wide survey by Danau Girang Field Centre estimated at least 52 individuals in Tabin (2011-2016). Kulamba has according to recent oral reports after helicopter overflights potentially more than 100 individuals (2017). Reunited the Tabin-Kulamba population could be considered as the most important population in Borneo and as essential for the survival of the Borneo banteng.
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